Every June-July Kasanka National Park runs a controlled burning program. This is intended to reduce the fuel load in the park by burning all dry matter such as grasses and dead leaves at a time where trees and scrubs are not affected by the fire. This ensures that the risk of catastrophic fires later in the season is greatly reduced. These deliberately set fires usually do not substantially enter the forest and tend to stop on nightfall due to the rising atmospheric moisture as well as the lower temperature.
Fires are often set by poachers to encourage new vegetation growth which in turn attracts antelopes.